WEEK 1 Technology for teaching and learning: An examination of Philippines’ national educational priorities.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Information and Communication
Technology for Education
(DepED ICT4E Strategic Plan)
The Five Year ICT Strategic Plan for Education (DepEd ICT4e Strategic Plan) envisions in transforming students into dynamic life- long learners and value centered, productive and responsible citizens. DepEd believes that ICT plays a major role in making a new and improved model of teaching and learning where education happens anytime and anywhere. They will use ICT to make the following happen:
- revitalize our schools to make them into dynamic, collaborative and innovative learning institutions where students can become more motivated, inquisitive and creative learners.
- link up our students with the vast networked world of knowledge and information to enable them to acquire a broad knowledge base and a global outlook and provide them with their sources for the development of a creative mind;
- develop in our students skills and capabilities to critically and intelligently seek, absorb,
- analyze, manage and present information;
- create new knowledge and products; and
- develop in our students habits of self-learning to nurture the attitude and capability for lifelong learning.
To achieve these visions, DepEd aims to do the following in the span of five years:
- completely integrate ICT into the curriculum, which includes the development of multimedia instructional materials, and ICT enabled assessment;
- intensify competency based professional development programs;
- establish the necessary ICT infrastructure and applications.
- develop processes and systems that ensure efficient, transparent and effective governance;
ICT in Education -Global
ICT in Global scale were known with other big countries such as USA, UK, CANADA and etc. There at par in terms of ICT integration into education.
ICT in Education – Asia-Pacific
In Asia it is still developing.
South Korea and Singapore are further down the path of ICT for education, while others, such as Thailand and Cambodia are in the early stages of planning and preparation.
Our country is on the process of integrating ICT in the curriculum,but there are many factors affect it.Such as the ratios of computer to teacher,students to computer and even accessibility of network connection. It was suggested that ICT be integrated in the existing curriculum.
The Enhanced Curriculum
The government also ways on how to smoothly integrate it.ICT Learning targets for students have been identified in the following six areas:
- Basic operations and concepts
- Social, ethical and human issues
- ICT for Producing
- ICT for Communicating
- ICT for Researching
- ICT for Problem-solving
- Competency standards for ALS Learners and Technical Vocational High School students have also developed.
- Enhanced Curriculum must be integrated within the existing curriculum.
It has two stages:
- enhancing the level of awareness and use of ICT in the existing curriculum
- and (2) full integration of ICT in the enriched curriculum.
Multimedia Instructional Materials Development
The use of the Multimedia Instructional Materials (MIM) reach to its highest peak,and this is the reason why a sector wide Digital Content Development and Usability Framework has been drafted. The demand for MIM is not merely to replace the existing instructional material but to enhance instruction.
DepED through BESRA is developing an Assessment Framework which requires a reconceptualization of the national assessment system of the Department. This framework entails a range of actions that include development of assessment standards, tests and other instruments, conduct of training and advocacy programs and the formalization of assessment roles and responsibilities. Dovetailing with this major initiative, ICT will have the dual role of being one of the areas to be assessed and enabling the efficient and effective implementation of the assessment program.
Competency Standards and Professional Development
In order to realize this ICT4E masterplan, ICT competency standards for teachers, education managers, school officials and non-teaching personnel/administrative staff shall be developed and adopted. A Competency Standards “is a document that specifies in a structured format how people should perform a job or work role. Organisations use competency standards. … Competency standards attempt to capture the various dimensions that, when taken together, account for ‘competent’ performance.”It is envisaged that this Strategic Plan will bring all schools, teachers, Educational Managers, School Administrators as well as Non-Teaching Personnel/Administrative Personnels to certain threshold levels of ICT provision and skills. Levels of provision for elementary, primary, secondary schools and alternative learning systems have been suggested.
In the first year of its implementation, DepED will design and implement an Enterprise Architecture(EA) to guide the development of interoperable ICT systems in the Department. This EA would define the various hardware and systems for pedagogy and professional development as well as governance and management.
The following principles shall guide the design and will be promoted by the DepED EA:
EA – Administration and Management
The DepED EA would help achieve efficiency and effectiveness in operations. Through it, the DepED will establish an integrated service network that ensures efficient, transparent and effective governance and management. This relies on timely access to information, knowledge and funding.
The EA would prescribe systems that would minimize the burden of data collection and reporting from key school personnel to allow them to focus on their critical tasks in pedagogy.
Among the systems that will be developed, in the order of priority, are:
- School-based Information Management System (includes raw data on enrollment, assets,
number of teachers, etc)
- Enterprise Learning Management System,
- Human Resource Information System – that interfaces w/ GSIS, PhilHealth, BIR, DBM, banks,
- Resources Management System
- Performance Management System
- Globalized Service Support
- Executive Information System (enhanced BEIS) with Geographical Information System (GIS)
EA – Pedagogy
In terms of pedagogy, the EA will allow the deployment of new modes of delivery envisioned by this ICT4E strategic plan. It shall pave the way for more collaborative and learner-centered pedagogy.The EA will help fulfill the goal of providing anytime, anywhere 21st century education for all.It is envisaged that this ICT4E Strategic Plan will bring all schools and teachers to certain threshold levels of ICT provision and skills. This will directly aid our students in acquiring 21st century skills. During the five-year period, the Department will provide a threshold minimum to public schools and would serve as the minimum requirement for private schools.
ICT Governance means “specifying the decision rights and accountability framework to encourage desirable behavior in the use of ICT”. ICT Governance determines who makes the final decisions on ICT in DepED. It is distinct from ICT “management” which is the process of making and implementing final decisions on ICT.
The DepEd will adopt an ICT Governance Framework in order to: 1) properly evaluate the ICT in the context of the Department’s needs and challenges; 2) set the direction of proposed ICT plans and policies; and 3) the monitor the performance of plans and conformance with policies.
The DepED ICT governance framework will be comprised of 1) a set of principles, 2) decision-making hierarchy and 3) tailor-made suite of reporting and monitoring processes.
DepED has taken an initial step in setting up an ICT governance framework in DepEd Order 1 s 2007.Within the first year of this plan’s implementation it will have a working ICT Governance Framework.This ICT4E strategic plan recognizes the important role of DepED senior officials in ICT governance.
DepED is committed to ensuring that this ICT4E Plan is based on sound technology and efficient processes. To ensure this, a dedicated unit led by the DepED CIO is necessary. ICT coordinators shall serve as de facto CTO at their level.
Strengthening Schools and the Community’s Role
The successful integration of ICT into the Philippine education system will require a coordinated and comprehensive approach. DepED will lead in developing, implementing and coordinating all activities towards achieving our vision. DepED’s coordinating role includes planning and sustaining investment strategies to achieve our vision and facilitating collaboration between all key stakeholders. To achieve this, DepED, will play a key role in coordination which will include planning and sustaining investment strategies to achieve our vision and facilitating collaboration between all key stakeholders which includes school administrators, teachers, students, parents, the private sector and other community bodies.
In the interim, the Undersecretary for Programs will oversee the implementation of this StrategicPlan with support from a fully-staffed ICT TC and the Information and Communication Technology Unit – Technical Service (ICTU-TS). In this, the Undersecretary for Programs will be guided by the targets and outcomes as outlined in the Plan.
It is underscored that all DepED units will be responsible for the implementation of this ICT4E
Strategic Plan.With the adoption of the DepED ICT Goverance Framework, management of this plan will be transferred to the appropriate office.