Technology and instruction
Technology is defined as the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry. It can also be used in instruction. It helps people propagate information by telling how something should be done, operated, or assembled. Technology is also avenue for teaching and learning process to be easier and efficient.
Several applications were developed to address the needs of human race. Examples of these applications are the following:
1.Computer Based Productivity Applications
- Visually-Based Applications & Technologies
- Internet Based Applications & Technologies
- Assistive Technologies
The One Computer Classroom: The Possibilities
There are many possibilities on how the computer can be used. The teacher and the students can use it. Teacher uses computer for their administrative tasks, while students can use the computer as part of a center or station. Teacher and student can use the computer for assessment, presentation, accessing information, communication, and production and publishing.
Teacher Use. Administrative applications include professional productivity (i.e., letters, worksheets, puzzles, problem sets, labs, handouts, bulletin board materials, lesson plans, tests, forms, newsletters, calendars, reports, certificates, graphic organizers, and seat charts), data collection (i.e., electronic gradebook, attendance, student information, and mail merge), and information board (i.e., announcements, reminders, class introductions, slide shows: back to school, open house).
Student Use. Student applications include using the computer as a creation tool (i.e., production and publishing center: email, word processing, database, spreadsheet, graphics, multimedia) and learning tool including information center (i.e., Internet, CD-ROM, video, resources) and activity center (i.e., drill & practice, problem solving, decision making, and simulation software).
Both Teachers and Students. The following activities can be accomplished as a large group with one computer and a large monitor.
Assess. Teachers can develop and direct pretests, quizzes, post tests, and other kinds of large group administered assessments. Students can take these assessments as a large group. Teachers can also check understanding as they work through a unit.
Present. Teachers can use the computer to direct the class’s attention to large group instruction that previews, motivates, provides context, provides information, illustrates concepts, model san activity, leads inquiry, demonstrates a concept, stimulates discussion (i.e., debate, role play), asks questions (i.e., problem solving, involves students (i.e., decision making), and reviews. Students can share their ideas through presentations (i.e., speeches, oral reports, multimedia projects, review activities).
Access Information. Teachers can use Internet based information for professional development, instructional development, and content area information and resources. Students can access information as a group including reading and research from a single large screen using Internet and CD-ROM resources, as well as resources the teacher creates.
Communicate. Teachers can write and receive professional email including principal to teacher, teacher to student, teacher to teacher, teacher to parents, and class to class. They can share professional materials such as lesson ideas and class projects through email, chats, threaded discussions, web pages, and listservs. Students can write and receive group email as a class. They can participate in class projects such as ask-an-expert, book buddies, and collaborative data sharing.
Produce & Publish. Teachers can lead a group in production and publishing (i.e., brainstorm ideas, prewritten, compose, edit, revise, build charts and graphs, make concept maps, create web pages, build presentations, and create timelines). Students can contribute to large group projects (i.e.,, class magazine, class book, class presentation, timeline, class journal, creative writing, Inspiration document, Kidspiration project).
5 characteristics of Meaningful Learning Environments
- Goal Directed